Phoenix Canariensis

 

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Scientific name: Phoenix Canariensis

Common names: Also known as Canary Island Date Palm, Canary Palm, Pineapple Palm, and Canary Island Palm.

Family: Arecaceae

Origin: It is native to Canary Islands and North Africa.

Appearance: It has gray-brown stout trunk covered with old leaf bases in unique diamond shapes. The trunk is topped with a big crown of 45-50 large dark green leaves with 80-100 leaflets in two rows. Arching pinnate, or feather-like, fronds can get up to 18ft long. Lower half of stem are covered with 2-3 inch sharp spines. Be careful while pruning.

Flowers/Fruits: The Canary Date Palm produces small creamy flowers held by branched stalks. The Canary Date Palm is dioecious, male and female grow on the same inflorescence. Female flowers are followed by orange-brown to dark purple round fruits, ½ inch in diameter. Fruits are fleshy, date-like, grow in clusters. They are edible but not tasty.

Growth Rate: Phoenix canariensis is a massive palm tree that can grow up to 50-60 ft tall and 15-20 ft wide.

Light Req: Partial shade to full sun. The Canary Date Palm grows well in full sun but can survive partial shade.

Water Req: Moderate. Likes moist but well drained soil.

Maintenance: Easy. It is not a self-cleaning palm, so you need to cut off dead leaves to maintain its beautiful appearance other wise you will end with decomposing leaves hanging from below the palm’s canopy. When pruned correctly, the bottom of the crown has a so called nut that looks like a pineapple, hence the name Pineapple Palm.

Propagation: Propagated by seed.

 

 

 

Roystonea Oleracea

 

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Scientific name: Roystonea Oleracea

Common names: Also known as Royal Palm, Cuban Royal Palm, Florida Royal Palm.

Family: Arecaceae

Origin: Roystonea oleracea is native to Cuba and North America.

Appearance: It has a single smooth gray trunk that is covered with scars from old leaves. Dark green arching fronds emerge from a bright green crownshaft. Pinnate, or feather-like, fronds grow up to 6-10ft long

Flowers/Fruits: Fragrant, yellow flowers bloom in the summer. Evergreen leaf-blades reaching 18 to 36 inches top a crown shaft that is long and green. Purple to black half-inch fruits are showy but not edible.

Growth Rate: Moderate. The Royal Palm can get up to 60 – 70ft tall and 5 -10 ft wide with a growth rate of around a foot each year.

Light Req: Partial shade to Full sun.

Water Req: Moderate. The Royal palm likes lots of water but it is moderately drought tolerant. This makes it a good tree even if you live in a place that has watering restrictions. While it does love to be watered, it must be well drained.

Amazingly though, they not only tolerate, but seem to thrive in the poor soil and drainage of urban environments where other trees tend to do poorly. Soil can be clay, sand or loam; it doesn’t seem to be very picky in this regard. The Royal palm prefers acidic to slightly alkaline soil, but be careful not to have too much alkalinity or the fronds may come out frizzled.

Maintenance: Easy. To prevent nutritional deficiency, apply good quality palm fertilizer that has continuous release formula twice a year during growing season.

Propagation: From seeds.

 

 

 

Phoenix Sylvestris

 

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Scientific name: Phoenix Sylvestris

Common names: Also known as Sugar Date Palm, India Date Palm, Silver Date Palm, and Wild Date Palm.

Family: Arecaceae

Origin: It is native to India.

Appearance: It has a lot of similar characteristics with True Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera). It has a solitary robust trunk, with interesting diamond pattern created by leaf scars. The Sylvester Date Palm requires some maintenance trimming old dead leaves that tend to make “skirt”. Trunk is swollen at the base, about 13-18 inches in diameter.

Without crownshaft 90-100 large pinnate, feather-shaped, leaves emerge at the top of the trunk. Leaves are about 10-15ft long, silver or blue-green color, slightly curved, with 100-120 sharply pointed at the end leaflets. Leaflets are 1-1.5ft long by 1-2 inches wide and arranged in groups of 2 or 3, often cross-crossing. Petioles have are about 3ft long, armed with long spines.

Flowers/Fruits: The Sylvester Date Palm produces small white flowers supported by 2-3ft long branching inflorescence coming from among the leaves. The Sylvester Date Palm is dioecious, male and female flowers are born on different plants. Flowers are followed by oval fruits, about 1 inch in diameter, turning purple-black when ripe. Fruits are editable and have sweet taste. They contain a single seed inside.

Growth Rate: Moderate. Phoenix sylvestris is a fast growing palm that can get up to 50-60 ft tall and 10-15 ft wide.

Light Req: Full sun to Partial shade.

Water Req: Moderate. The Sylvester Date Palm can withstand a drought for a short period of time. Grows best in moist but well drained soil.

Maintenance: Easy. The only thing this palm requires is some trimming to avoid “skirt” of old dead leaves.

Propagation: Propagated by seeds.

 

 

 

Washingtonia Robusta

 

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Scientific name: Washingtonia Robusta

Common names: Also known as Washington Palm and Skyduster.

Family: Arecaceae

Origin: It is native to desert regions of Mexico.

Appearance: It has a single gray trunk ringed by old leaf bases, about 13 inches in diameter. The Mexican Fan Palm requires some maintenance to keep it attractive look.

Old leaves need to be trimmed, otherwise trunk will be sheathed in dead leaves, that form a brown, shaggy covering, also called a “hula skirt”, that extends nearly to the ground. Trunk is straight, a little swollen at the base, has no crownshaft, topped with a crown of 20-25 large fronds.

Leaves are rich glossy green, palmate, or fan-shaped, about 5ft long and 4ft wide. They have lance-shaped leaflets with elegant drooping tips that provide a very tropical appearance to the landscape. The petioles of mature palms are armed with short, sharp thorns. Be careful when trimming.

Flowers/Fruits: In the late spring, the Mexican Fan Palm produces small creamy flowers. Flowers grow in clusters on the branched inflorescence 8-10ft long that extends past the leaves. Flowers are followed by black berry-like drupes, about 1/2 inches in diameter. Fruits are edible, though thin-fleshed. They are sweet and taste like dates, can be dried or made into a jelly.

Growth Rate: Moderate to Fast. Washingtonia robusta is a fast growing palm that can get up to 50 – 60 ft tall and 5-10ft wide, but usually is not taller than 40ft.

Light Req: Full sun to Partial shade. The Mexican Fan Palm needs growth best in full sun, but will tolerate some shade while young.

Water Req: Moderate. It can also tolerate drought, but grows much faster when receiving plenty of water. It likes moist well drained soil.

Maintenance: Easy. It doesn’t require much maintenance and can be pruned annually.

Propagation: Propagated by seeds. Best to sow seeds fresh in the spring. It will take around 4 weeks for germination to occur. Seedlings grow fast having 4 little leaves only after 6 months.

 

 

 

Cocos Nucifera

 

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Scientific name: Cocos Nucifera

Common names: Also known as Malayan Coconut Palm, Coconut Palm, Green Malayan Palm.

Family: Arecaceae

Origin: It is native to the Malay Archipelago or the South Pacific.

Appearance: Cocos nucifera has a smooth single gray trunk that is ringed with old leaf scars. Mature palms become smooth with age. Trunk is a little swollen at the base and is usually slightly curved.

It is topped with a crown of 25 – 30 pinnate, or feather-shaped, leaves that can grow up to 18 feet long and 6 feet wide. Leaves are large, about 18ft long and 6ft wide, with 200 leaflets 2ft long. Leaf life span of the leaf may be 2.5 – 3 years, and mature, healthy palms form a new one and drop the oldest one each month.

Flowers/Fruits: When about 4-6 years of age, during spring the Coconut Palm starts producing sweet-scented yellow flowers. Flowers grow in clusters and are held by slightly branched stalks. Male and female flowers grow on the same inflorescence. They are generally protandrous, male flowers release pollen before females become receptive.

Flowers are followed by fruits called “coconuts”. Coconut is one of the most recognizable and most useful fruits in the world. They range in color from green, to yellow, or bronze-gold, to brown depending on maturity and variety. Fruits are oval, 3-angled, 12 inches long and 10 inches wide, with single seed inside. There is a nut inside of the fruit, filled with a layer of white coconut “meat” and sweet watery milk. The Coconut Palm seeds are one of the largest of any plant. After maturing it takes a full year for the coconut to ripe.

Fruits start developing when plant is around 6-10 years old. Coconut Palm bares fruits all year long with an annual production around 50-200 coconuts per palm tree, depending on growing conditions and palm variety.

Growth Rate: Moderate. In its native habitat the Coconut Palm grows up to 100 ft, but usually is around 20-30 ft tall and 5-10 ft wide in cultivation.

Light Req: Partial shade to full sun.

Water Req: It grows best in the moist well drained soil but can tolerate drought. The average temperature should be around 72F with a lot of rainfalls.

Maintenance: Easy. In addition to their attractive look, this unique palm offers low to moderate maintenance.

Propagation: Propagated by seeds. It takes many months for germination to take place. Recommended temperature for faster germination is around 90-100F.

When Coconut seed germinates it breaks through the one of the three germinating holes that you can see on one side of the fruit.

Wait till the plant is 6 months old before transplanting it to the pot or in to the yard. You can plant this palm any time during the year, but for the best result I recommend doing it during warm rainy summer months.

Since Coconut Palms like sandy soil add 40% sand to the mix and if you transplanting it in the pot add some rocks to the bottom better drainage. Water right away after planting and apply mulch to help retain soil moist and protect from weed growth. Keep the soil lightly moist.

 

 

 

Phoenix Dactylifera

 

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Scientific name: Phoenix dactylifera

Common names: Also known as Date Palm, True Date, Medjool Palm, Medjool Date Palm, Phoenix Medjool Palm, Jewel Palm, Medjewel Palm, and Medjool Dates.

Family: Arecaceae

Origin: It is native to North Africa and India.

Appearance: It has a single broad, gray trunk covered with ornamental diamond-shaped pattern of leaf scars. Trunk is about 16 inches in diameter. The date palm trunk is vertical, cylindrical and columnar of the same girth all the way up. The trunk is covered for several years with the bases of the old dry fronds, making it rough, but with age the trunk becomes smoother with visible cicatrices of these bases.

About 100-120 large fronds form a thick canopy up to 30 ft wide. Leaves are greenish or bluish gray, pinnate, feather-like, with about 150 pointed, 1-2 ft long leaflets arranged in V-shape ranks that run the length of the petiole. Leaflets are modified near the base into sharp 3-4 in thorns. It requires some maintenance since old frond bases persist on the trunk if not removed.

Flowers/Fruits: The True Date Palm produces white or yellow flowers that grow in clusters supported by 4ft long inflorescence. True Date Palm is dioecious, male and female flowers are born on separate plants. Male flowers are white and female flowers are cream and yellow. Only female plants produce dates and only if a male tree is nearby.

Flowers are followed by edible fruit, called ‘dates’ that grow in clusters among the leaves. The True Date Palms will fruit at approximately 8 years of age. Green dates turn orange red or dark-brown, depending on variety, as they ripe. Dates are oval-cylindrical, 1.5 – 3 inches 3–7 cm long, and 0.5 – 1 inches in diameter with a single seed inside, that is 0.5 inches long.

Dates have high nutritional value. They are important source of food for people in the Asia, Africa, South America, and Middle East. Sometimes dates are used to produce ice-creams, syrups, alcohol drinks, syrups, vinegars and alcohol drinks. Seeds are used to make soaps and cosmetics.

Growth Rate: Moderate. Phoenix Dactylifera can grow up to 40 – 50 ft with a spread up to 10-15 ft wide.

Light Req: Full sun to Partial shade.

Water Req: Moderate. The Date Palm grows best in moist well drained soil but can also tolerate drought for short period of time.

Maintenance: Easy.

Propagation: Propagated by seeds.

 

 

 

Veitchia merrillii

 

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Scientific name: Veitchia merrillii

Common names: The Christmas Palm is also known as Manila Palm, Kerpis Palm, Adonidia Palm, Dwarf Royal Palm, and Veitchia Palm.

Family: Arecaceae.

Origin: It is native to the small islands of the Philippines located north of Malaysia and Indonesia.

Appearance: The Christmas Palm has smooth slender grey trunk that is slightly swollen at the base and ringed with old leaf scars. The Christmas Palm may be used alone or may also be planted in groups of two or three.

Bright green crownshaft supports a crown of 10-12 pinnate, or feather-shaped, fronds. Short crownshaft is about 3ft long. Leaves are glossy, strongly arched, grow to a length of 5 feet with sharp-edged leaflets that are up to 2 feet long by 2 inches wide.

Flowers/Fruits: During summer months the Christmas Palm produces light green flower buds that turn into creamy blossom. Unisexual flowers are held by 2ft long branched stalks that emerge from the area where the crownshaft attaches to the trunk. In December flowers are followed by green oval fruits that turn bright red as they ripe. Berrie-like fruits are 1 inch long and 1/5 inch wide. They hang in clusters looking like Christmas ornament, therefore palm’s common name is Christmas Palm.

Growth Rate: Moderate to Fast. In the wild Veitchia merrillii is known to grow up to 25ft tall but in cultivation it usually doesn’t get taller than 10 – 20 ft and 5-10 ft wide.

Light Req: Full sun to partial shade. It likes full sun but can also grow in broken shade.

Water Req: Moderate. The Christmas Palm is moderately salt tolerant prefers moist well drained soil. To avoid root rot don’t let it sit in water. It can tolerate drought for a short time when mature enough.

Maintenance: Easy to Moderate. It does not require much maintenance. The only thing you need to do is to remove old dead leaves to keep it looking neat.

Propagation: Propagated by seed. It will take around 1-3 months to germinate.

 

 

 

Wodyetia bifurcata

 

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Scientific name: Wodyetia bifurcata

Common names: The Foxtail Palm is also known as Fox Tail Palm and Wodyetia Palm.

Family: Arecaceae

Origin: It is native to Australia.

Appearance: Wodyetia bifurcata has a solitary, self-cleaning trunk with smooth green crownshaft. Trunk is slender, dark grey to light grey, closely ringed, and slightly swollen at the base. The Foxtail Palm has about 8-10 arching leaves which grow up to 6-10ft long. Pinnate, or feather-like, fronds emerge from a smooth green crownshaft look like tail of the fox, hence the name Foxtail Palm.

Flowers/Fruits: The Foxtail Palm produces branched flower stalks of creamy inflorescence which grow at the base of the crownshaft. The Foxtail Palm has male and female flowers growing on the same plant. Flowers are followed by clusters of fruits which are oval, about 2 in. long, with single seed inside. Fruits are are green when young but turn red to orange-red when they ripe.

Growth Rate: Moderate to Fast. It is a fast growing palm that can get up to 20 – 30 ft tall and 5-10 ft wide.

Light Req: Partial shade to full sun.

Water Req: Moderate. Foxtail likes deep watering with well drained soil.

Maintenance: Easy.

Propagation: Propagated by seeds that take anywhere from 3-12 to germinate.

 

 

 

Archontophoenix cunninghamiana

 

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Scientific name: Archontophoenix cunninghamiana

Common names: The King Palm is also known as Alexandra Palm and Alexander Palm. It is native to Australia.

Family: Arecaceae

Origin: The King Palm Tree is native to Australia.

Appearance: Archontophoenix cunninghamiana has a single smooth grey brownish trunk ringed by the scars from the fallen frond. Trunk is a little wider at the base, about 1ft in diameter with beautiful crownshaft at the top. Crownshaft is generally green, but occasionally can be brownish.

The King Palm has about 15-20 arching evergreen fronds that emerge from the crownshaft forming a graceful crown. The leaves are bright green above and below, although there can also be brown scales on the paler green undersides. They have about 100 to 150 leaflets that are 6-12 inches long.

Flowers/Fruits: In mindsummer, the King Palm produces pink flowers that are held by 2-3 ft long branched inflorescence, growing from below the crownshaft. Male and female flowers are on the same inflorescence. Flower are followed by attractive berry-like green fruits that turn red when ripe. Fruits are round, about 1/2 inches in diameter and hang in clusters.

Growth Rate: Archontophoenix cunninghamiana can grow up to 40 ft tall and 10-15 ft wide.

Light Req: Partial shade to Full sun.

Water Req: Moderate. It grows best in moist well drained soil.

Maintenance: Easy.

Propagation: Propagated by seeds. Seed germination is quick and easy. Germination occurs in 6 weeks to 3 months. It is best to sow seeds fresh in the spring.

 

 

 

 


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We are specialized in transporting and nursing all kind of exclusive palm trees.. Caribbean Palms, is more than just a name, it's a commitment to providing our customers with the finest selections of real palm trees. Caribbean Palms has it's own show area / nursery with a wide selection of different palm trees to choose from. 



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